MANILA, Philippines – Nauru is going to celebrate its National Day tomorrow (Thursday). Happy National day to the people of Nauru from MSF (www.blog.msf-ebooks.org , http://www.msf-ebooks.org). Located in the Western Pacific Ocean, Nauru is an oval-shaped island which lies 42 kilometers south of the equator. The island is considered the world’s smallest island nation, just 21 square kilometers. The nearest country to Nauru is Kiribati, whose Ocean Island is only 350 kilometers to the east. The present inhabitants of Nauru are of mixed Polynesian, Micronesian, and Melanesian races. About four-fifths of the people are Christians. Nauruans and English are the main languages.
During the first half of the 20th century, Nauru was a “renter state,” a term to describe those states whose national revenues are mostly derived from renting indigenous resources to external clients. The island was well known for its massive phosphate reserves. As early as 1907, Nauru was a major exporter of phosphate, but in the 1980’s, the phosphate deposits ran out after numerous years of mining.
In 1947, Nauru became a United Nations trust territory, administered by Australia. The country’s Local Government and Legislative Council were formed in 1957 and 1965, respectively. In 1968, the Nauruans gained their complete independence.
Commercial and agricultural exchanges have been active between the Philippines and Nauru. The linguistic, religious, and ethnic affinities between our two peoples are responsible for the close bilateral relations.
We congratulate the people and government of Nauru led by H.E., President Marcus Stephen, on the occasion of their National Day. We wish them all the best and success in all their endeavors.
Good things come in small packages…
Nauru is indeed a tiny island nation. Remember to treat it with care.
When taking a vacation on an isolated coral atoll like Nauru, it is important to remember that many of the resources necessary to sustain the island are imported. Even natural fresh water is limited so electricity and drinking water is at a premium.
What to bring on your holiday
Remember to bring beach wear for sunbathing/swimming but also conservative wear for visits around the island. Sturdy shoes for a visit to the phosphate interior is a good idea, as is some light wet weather gear for tropical rain. Sun block, insect repellent and all the other Pacific Island necessities would be a good idea; however there are shops on the island to provide some of these products.
Nauru’s weather is tropical with temperatures ranging between 24.4 Celsius and 33.9 Celsius. Heat is kept temperate by cooling sea breezes. The tropical weather has a monsoonal pattern, with a rainy season from November to February. North-east trade winds blow from March to October and average humidity is 80%.
Nauru boasts 30 kilometres of coastline, ringed on all sides by the amazing expanse of the Pacific Ocean. Sandy beaches rise to a fertile coastal belt around raised coral reefs. The interior is a raised, unique moonscape made up of limestone pinnacles. The legacy of the island’s only export, phosphate mining, the plateaus are an important part of the island’s economic history. There is talk of a secondary source of phosphate being utilised. However some of this land is now also being considered for other purposes, such as regeneration and building projects.
Nauru’s Flora and Fauna
Birdwatchers will enjoy plenty of native sea bird sights. Surrounding deep water provides accessible deep sea game fishing for tuna, marlin, skipjack, barracuda and many more.
Natural vegetation includes pandanus trees, coconut palms, tomano trees and the Pacific’s most recognised flower, the beautiful frangipani. The land surrounding the Buada lagoon is used to grow some vegetables and bananas.
Nauruan Public Holidays
- Angam Day (26 October) – The word Angam means homecoming and the day commemorates the various times in history when the size of the Nauruan population has returned to 1,500 which is thought to be the minimum number necessary for survival.
- Independence Day (31 January)
- Constitution Day (17 May)
- National Youth Day (25 September)
- Statutory holidays: New Year’s Day (1 January), Christmas Day (25 December), Easter (Good Friday, Easter Monday and Tuesday)
Money: Nauru uses the Australian Dollar.
Time zone: Nauru is GMT/UTC +12
Electricity: Australian plugs and sockets are used
Visas: Visitors from commonwealth countries can be granted visas on arrival whereas visitors from non-commonwealth countries need to apply for visas. They can apply for visas via email at email@example.com or at firstname.lastname@example.org .
Departure Tax: Departure tax has now been included in the airfares.
Capital: Due to its small size, Nauru has no capital. The government’s offices are based in the Yaren district.
Language: Nauruan, but English is also widely spoken. Perhaps due to the isolation of the island of Nauru, the Nauruan language is said not to be similar to any other Polynesian island language.
Some useful Nauruan words:
Ekamawir Omo – Greetings/Hello/Welcome
Tubwa – Thank you
Omo Yoran – Good Morning
Activities on Nauru
Holidaying on Nauru promises to be a unique experience but it still offers all the benefits of ‘island time’ and Pacific Island relaxation. Relax back and enjoy the tropical sunshine, snooze at your hotel or get out and about and see the island. Here’s a list things to do on extraordinary Nauru:
Deep sea game fishing
Locals with privately owned boats hire out their vessels to take you deep sea game fishing on request. There are a number of local people involved and it is best to organise your trip through the staff at your hotel. Journeys to deeper waters surrounding Nauru are undertaken dependent on availability of boats, weather and sea conditions etc. However once out on the Pacific blue, anglers can catch a great selection of fish including marlin, yellowfin tuna, skipjack, barracuda and more.
Clear water and an unspoiled reef mean scuba diving from Nauru is a popular activity. There is a variety of marine life to be seen and one significant wreck to dive. Scuba diving equipment can be hired on the island.
It’s not a real vacation if you can’t cool off in the big blue…locals recommend the beach next to the Menen Hotel as the best place to take a swim.
The central area of Nauru offers an interesting walk around the pinnacles that make up the remains of the phosphate mine. Menen Hotel organizes walking tours through this area. Otherwise, the island’s green belt circles the island and provides roads for driving or walking.
Shopping – arts and crafts
Menen Hotel boutique has gifts and books. Other small stores sell a variety of food and goods. Tobacco and alcohol are duty free. The Nauru Philatelic Bureau offers a range of sought after Philatelic issues of Nauru. Arts and crafts are available from small owner operated stores dotted around the island. Artisans sell their own artworks from these stalls within their own districts.
Food and Entertainment
Restaurants offering a variety of cuisine and provides regular barbecues. Reynaldo’s is another well known local restaurant, offering Chinese cuisine.